Republic of France (République française in French)
What is the origin of France’s name?
“France” comes from the Latin word Francia, meaning “country of the Franks.” The “Franks” might refer to Germanic words for “javelin” or “free.”
What is France’s motto?
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
674,843 square kilometres / 260,558 square miles
Mont Blanc (4,808 metres)
Rhone River delta (-2 metres)
66.03 million (2013)
GDP (PPP) per capita
Form of Government (as at November 2015)
Bastille Day – July 14
Head of State (as at November 2015)
President Francois Hollande
Head of Government (as at November 2015)
Roman Catholic, Protestant
What countries border (Metropolitan) France?
Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain, Andorra, United Kingdom (using the Channel Tunnel)
What are the major rivers in France?
Seine, Loire, Garonne, Rhone
What are the major mountain ranges of France?
Alps, Massif Central, Pyrenees
What is the national anthem of France?
Why was the Eiffel Tower built?
The Eiffel Tower was built as an entrance arch for the 1889 World’s Fair by Gustave Eiffel. Though today the Eiffel Tower is a major icon of Paris and France, it initially drew criticism from the public. The city of Paris had only planned to keep the tower for 20 years after the World’s Fair, but it was used for communication purposes as a radio transmitter.